commands of Linux

Get a list best 15 commands of Linux with a short description

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Commands of Linux

In this digital world of computing, you may be familiar with Operating Systems like Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8, and Mac OS X. 

Linux is one such amazing working framework that is inescapable in an application and uses today.

As per the latest stats of supercomputers hawks TOP500, “ Linux now powers 100% of the top 500 supercomputers. 

The operating system is the heart and mind of a Computer, Linux is one of the OSs that empowers and access the features.

Most Linux circulations are easy to use and accompany a simple graphical interface, realizing how to utilize the order line can be extremely helpful.

But ya it’s important to get the ideas of commands used in Linux to ease access to the features.

Through this article, we will be able to have some basics ideas or knowledge about the commands of Linux. Let’s have a look at some of them :

 1. PWD :

Users can use the pwd command to discover the way of the current working catalog(organizer) you’re in.

This command returns an absolute path in which all the directories are stored. It is the one the most frequently used built-in shell command by Linux system administrators as this is more in demand and needs for most of the operations.

Syntax – $ type -a pwd. 

2. is :

It is used to access and view the contents of a directory. By default, it shows the contents of the current working directory. Example: is/home/username/documents. 

There are various types of is the command :

                 is-R – it will list the file in subdirectories as well.

                 is-A – it will show all the hidden documents. 

                 is-al – over all documents will be shown by using this list

3. cat command :

The name of the CAT command comes from its functionality to concatenate files. It is utilized to list the contents of a document on the standard yield (stdout).To execute this command, write cat followed by the file’s name and its extension.

For Example cat file.txt. 

CAT command syntax: cat [OPTIONS] [FILE_NAMES]

4 . cp command :

CP stands for a copy. This command is used to copy files or groups of files or directories. It creates a pre duplicate copy of the image or file on the disk.

5. mv commands :

The name mv comes from its action move files. Although it is used to rename the files. The contentions in mv are like the cp order. You need to type mv, the record’s name, and the objective’s registry. For instance: mv file.txt/home/username/Documents.

6. mkdir commands –

 The mkdir means ‘make index’ and it makes another directory.

Syntax :$ mkdir myproject.It should be noted that the user running this command must have sufficient permissions to create a directory in the home directory, otherwise, you may receive a “permission denied” error.

Syntax: mkdir myproject , here my project is a directory name.

7. head command –

 The head order is utilized to see the primary lines of any text record. Of course, it will show the initial ten lines, yet you can change this number as you would prefer.

For instance, on the off chance that you just need to show the initial five lines, type head – n 5 filename.ext.

8. cal command –

 This is an auspicious order in the Linux OS to see the calendar of a specific month or whole year on the Linux platform.

cal – give output calendar of current month

cal 2021 – returns calendar of a whole year

9. top command –

As a terminal identical to Task Manager in Windows, the top order will show a rundown of running cycles and the amount of CPU each interaction employs.

It’s extremely helpful to screen framework asset utilization, particularly realizing which cycle should be ended because it burns through such a large number of assets.

10. rm command –

This command is used to delete the directories and all data in them.

NOTE: Be exceptionally cautious with this order and twofold check which registry you are in. This will erase everything and there is no fix.

11. touch command –

The touch order permits you to make a new blank space through the Linux order line. For instance, enter touch/home/username/Documents/Web.html to make an HTML record entitled Web under the Documents directory.

12. locate command –

 You can utilize this order to find a record, actually like the inquiry order in Windows.

Likewise, utilizing the – I contention alongside this order will present its defense unfeeling, so you can look for a record regardless of whether you don’t recall its accurate name.

13. du command –

 Assuming you need to check how much space a document or a catalog takes, the du (Disk Usage) order is the appropriate response. Nonetheless, the plate use synopsis will show circle block numbers rather than the standard size design.

Assuming you need to see it in bytes, kilobytes, and megabytes, add the – h contention to the order line.

14. diff command –  

Short for distinction, the diff order thinks about the substance of two records line by line.

In the wake of dissecting the documents, it will yield the lines that don’t coordinate. Software engineers frequently utilize this order when they need to make program changes as opposed to reworking the whole source code.

15. kill command – 

If you have an inert program, you can end it physically by utilizing the kill order. It will convey a specific message to the getting into mischief application and trains the application to end itself.


These were some of the basics of commands of Linux, Hope you like the knowledge you get to know through our post. If any queries or doubts please let us know in the comment section we will get to you ASAP.

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